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Becoming a Surrogate in Florida: Requirements

Posted on November 21, 2016

Florida just so happens to be one of the most surrogacy-friendly states in the nation for both potential surrogates and intended parents.  Florida laws have kept up with scientific advances in assisted reproduction which makes both gestational and traditional surrogacy more affordable and less prone to legal conflicts in many cases.

Florida’s favorable statute protects the rights of the surrogate, intended parents, the baby and the egg donor (where needed); and recognizes surrogacy contracts as well as egg and sperm donations.  What this means for surrogates in Florida is that they will never need to appear in court due to the elimination of post-birth legal proceedings (post-birth orders and second-parent adoptions).

Requirements to becoming a surrogate in Florida:

(1) Prior to engaging in gestational surrogacy, a binding and enforceable gestational surrogacy contract shall be made between the commissioning couple and the gestational surrogate. A contract for gestational surrogacy shall not be binding and enforceable unless the gestational surrogate is 18 years of age or older and the commissioning couple are legally married and are both 18 years of age or older.

(2) The commissioning couple shall enter into a contract with a gestational surrogate only when, within reasonable medical certainty as determined by a physician licensed under chapter 458 or chapter 459:

(a) The commissioning mother cannot physically gestate a pregnancy to term;

(b) The gestation will cause a risk to the physical health of the commissioning mother; or

(c) The gestation will cause a risk to the health of the fetus.

(3) A gestational surrogacy contract must include the following provisions:

(a) The commissioning couple agrees that the gestational surrogate shall be the sole source of consent with respect to clinical intervention and management of the pregnancy.

(b) The gestational surrogate agrees to submit to reasonable medical evaluation and treatment and to adhere to reasonable medical instructions about her prenatal health.

(c) Except as provided in paragraph (e), the gestational surrogate agrees to relinquish any parental rights upon the child’s birth and to proceed with the judicial proceedings prescribed under s. 742.16.

(d) Except as provided in paragraph (e), the commissioning couple agrees to accept custody of and to assume full parental rights and responsibilities for the child immediately upon the child’s birth, regardless of any impairment of the child.

(e) The gestational surrogate agrees to assume parental rights and responsibilities for the child born to her if it is determined that neither member of the commissioning couple is the genetic parent of the child.

(4) As part of the contract, the commissioning couple may agree to pay only reasonable living, legal, medical, psychological, and psychiatric expenses of the gestational surrogate that are directly related to prenatal, intrapartal, and postpartal periods.

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